Archaeologists have unearthed what is claimed to be the oldest wine cellar in the Ancient Near East. The sunken room contains forty ceramic jars that were capable of each holding 50 litres of wine. ...
Andrew Koh, assistant professor of classical studies at Brandeis University, ... an associate director ... analysed the storage vessel fragments using organic residue analysis and ... also discovered compounds that suggest the ingredients that were used to enhance the flavours in ancient wine-making, including honey, mint, cinnamon bark, juniper berries and resins.
The recipe is similar to medicinal wines used in ancient Egypt for two thousand years.
Canaanite cellar provides a taste of 3700 year old wine
Spanish excavations in Can Sadurní cave (Begues, Barcelona) have discovered four human skeletons dated to about 6,400 years ago. The skeletal remains of the individuals are particularly important as they are in a very good state of preservation.
An archaeological campaign carried out previously identified other individuals which were not so well preserved but belong to the same stratigraphic layer.
Archaeologists excavating in 1999, also discovered within the cave, evidence for the earliest European beer, which may have been included as part of the death ritual.
Neolithic death ritual includes earliest evidence for European beer