Scientists excavating within the UNESCO World Heritage site of the Maya Devi Temple in Lumbini, Nepal, have unearthed a timber structure that they date to the sixth century BCE. It is situated within and underlies a temple that is considered sacred to many as the birthplace of Siddhārtha Gautama, or Buddha. Until now, there has been no archaeological evidence supporting a date any earlier than the third century BCE for Buddha's life. Some historians have suggested the death of Buddha took place sometime in the late 4th century or early 3rd century BCE, although there are a number of traditions with varying dates.
Archaeologists Uncover Earliest Evidence of Birth of Buddha
Scots archaeologists help make breakthrough discovery into origins of Buddhist religion
Ancient Buddhist shrine unearthed by Scots archaeologists in Nepal
Oldest Buddhist Shrine Uncovered In Nepal May Push Back the Buddha's Birth Date
While I have my disagreements with some Buddhist beliefs, I've always liked this statement attributed to the Buddha:
"Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it."